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Bardiya National Park

Bardiya National ParkIntroduction:
The Royal Bardia National Park is situated in the mid far western Terai, in a remote part of Nepal, bordered by the Karnali River. The Park covers 968 sq km and is 585 km from Kathmandu.

The park is the largest and most undisturbed expanse of wilderness in southern Nepal. Although the largest park it is the least explored by foreign tourists.

Originally a hunting reserve, Bardia became a conservation area in 1976 and then attained National Park status in 1988. Presently a plan is being considered to further expand the park both north and eastwards. Conservation is a strong theme within Bardia, as well as protecting the natural habitat of many species the park also provides an ideal environment for their study.

Bardiya National Park Habitat and Vegetation:
About 70% of the park is covered with tropical Sal forest, the remaining vegetation is subtropical riverine forest and grassland. The park contains more than 15 types of ecosystem. The Karnali River and Babai River and their flood plains, marshland, ponds, lakes and the forest stream beds provide prime habitat for the many species of birds and wildlife.

Wildlife:Bardiya National Park
There are more than 40 species of mammals found in the park. The Bardia national park holds the second largest population of the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger in Nepal. The park was also established for the protection of the endangered Black Buck Antelope population in Nepal, this species is only found in the Royal Bardia National Park. The Royal Bardia National Park is home to 19 of Nepal’s 39 legally protected species. These include the endangered One-horned Rhinoceros which has been trans-located from Royal Chitwan National Park, the Asian Elephant, Swamp Deer, Jungle cat, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Blue Bull, Common Leopard, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Mongoose, Common Langur and Rhesus macaque, Gangetic Dolphin, Gharial Crocodile and so on.

Climate:Bardiya National Park
The park has three seasons, from October to early April the weather is dry, the days are warm and pleasant and the nights are cool. From April to June the tempturature warms up into the 400 C range with high humidity. Then the hot sticky days give a way to the monsoon rains which usually last until September.